The Blessed Virgin Mary
Mother of Christ
by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J.
After professing our faith in Christ as the only-begotten Son of God, we declare
that He was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary.
Christs Divinity, therefore, means that He has the same uncreated nature as
God the Father. Christs humanity means that He has the same kind of created
nature as Mary His Mother, who conceived Him and gave Him birth.
There are two mysteries of the faith on which we concentrate in this lesson
namely, the true humanity of Jesus Christ, and the privileges of Mary, His
Mother, who brought Him into the world.
The first mystery, the true humanity of Jesus, part of world history, at a
definite time, in a definite place. The events of His life are real facts and
the words that He said are real speech.
The second mystery, His Mother Mary, is also part of the history of the world.
Being no less than her Son, the mystery of Mary not only builds on provable
historical data and surpasses these data in five marvelous ways.
- Mary is not only the Mother of Jesus of Nazareth; she is also the Mother of God.
- Mary was conceived like other children, of a human father
and mother but she was conceived inGods supernatural friendship, that is, without original sin.
- Mary was not only sinless at conception, she was preserved from even actually offending God.
- Mary truly conceived Jesus of Nazareth, but without carnal intercourse.Indeed, she was a perpetual virgin.
- Mary finished her course of life on earth, but then was assumed body and soul into heaven, tojoin her Divine Son.
Blessed Virgin Mary
Fatima, Our Lady of the rosary of
Imitation of Christ
Mary, Name of
Mary, Blessed Virgin
It is best to treat separately the two mysteries professed in the third article
of the Apostles Creed.
The True Humanity of Jesus Christ
There would never have been any controversy about Christs human nature except
for the towering truth of faith, that Jesus is God.
In teaching others about Christs humanity it is necessary to avoid two erroneous
extremes. The one extreme is to make Him so much like us that He becomes a
sinner. The other is to make Him so unlike us that He ceases to be really human.
As far back as the early fifth century, the Nestorians claimed that Christ
was really two persons, one human and the other divine. On these grounds, they
found no problem in making Christ so human that He had sinful inclinations like
us. The general council of Constantinople condemned these ideas as heretical
in 553 A.D. But they keep coming up, even in our day.
What the catechist must make clear is that Jesus was truly human. He did not,
however, have our sinful inclinations because His human nature was united in
one Divine Person, and God is infinitely holy.
We may, therefore, imitate Jesus in the virtues which He practiced while on
earth in visible form.
Moreover, Jesus had a free human will with which He voluntarily chose to be
patient, and humble, and merciful, and kind. Thus we are to imitate Him on
both levels: in the practice of virtue and in the use of our free will to cooperate,
as Christ did, with the grace of God.
The Blessed Virgin Mary
In teaching others about the Blessed Virgin, it is well to point out that there
has been a remarkable growth, as we call it, in Marian doctrine over the centuries.
This does not mean that any new revelations about Mary were given to the world.
But it does mean that with the passage of time, the Church under Divine guidance
has grown in her ever deeper and clearer understanding of the Marian mysteries
that were originally revealed.
MOTHER OF GOD. It is impossible to exaggerate the importance
of Marys divine maternity for religious education.
Catholics have so much devotion to the Blessed Virgin; there are so many Marian
shrines, so many prayers and hymns to Our Lady; so much stress on the Rosary;
so many Hail Marys are recited - that the faithful must see the basis for it
all. They must have clearly explained to them that this is not Mariolatry,
giving divine honors to Mary, but authentic Christianity which recognizes the
Blessed Virgin as a mere creature, of course, but one who conceived and gave
birth to the Creator.
IMMACULATE CONCEPTION. What especially needs to be brought out
in teaching the Immaculate Conception is Marys possession of the supernatural
life from the first moment of her existence. She had the virtues of faith,
hope and charity. She had the virtues of prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance.
She had the gifts and fruits of the Holy Spirit.
She could grow in the supernatural life by cooperating with the graces that
God gave her. She could merit before God. Why? Because she had a free will.
Although she would never choose to sin, yet she would choose among various options
that were all good, or between the good and the better, and between the better
and the best.
Mary did not have the disorderly passion of body and soul that we experience
because she was conceived without original sin and its consequences. One of
the results of original sin that we all have is the disorderly desires that,
unless controlled with the help of Gods grace, lead us into sin.
ABSOLUTE SINLESSNESS. This says more than merely that Mary never
sinned. She had a free will. But confirmed by supernatural grace, her will
was never inclined to disobey the will of God.
What should be further explained to those you catechize is
that, as we grow in holiness, we do not lose our free will. But our freedom
is more and more inclined to choose what is more pleasing to God. Marys
sinlessness was not a sterile passivity. It was an ever active tendency to
do what was more generous, more loving, and more perfect in the sight of God.
PERPETUAL VIRGINITY. In an age when chastity is considered either
old fashioned or humanly impossible or socially out of keeping with the
times, Marys perpetual virginity needs to be emphasized more than ever. The
reason is that chastity is not naturally easy, we may even say, the nature of
chastity is naturally impossible. It requires the constant assistance of the
grace of God.
Also be sure to bring out to your students that virginity is not impossible,
even in the sex-preoccupied modern world. Certainly those who wish to remain
virgins before marriage and especially to remain virgins all their lives - they
will need extraordinary help from God. But their help is available through
prayer and the sacraments.
BODILY ASSUMPTION INTO HEAVEN. Make clear to those you teach
just what Marys Assumption into heaven means.
It does not simply mean that she is now in heaven. All the saints are in heaven.
What makes Our Ladys Assumption unique is that she is in heaven in soul and
body. Like her Divine Son, she is with Him in her glorified body even as He
is in heaven in His glorified body.
This has some deep implications. It tells us that we, too, are one day meant
to be in heaven in our souls and our bodies. It tells us that we shall
be rewarded in heaven not only in seeing the face of God but in enjoying the
heavenly pleasures of our glorious bodies. The bodily mortifications we do
on earth; the sacrifices we make in restraining our sinful bodily desires; the
effort we expend in using our bodies in the service of God; the pain we endure
in our bodies in patient resignation to the will of God - all these are one
day to be rewarded after our bodily assumption into heaven after the last day.
Putting into practice the third article of the Creed opens up so many doors
for the catechist that some basic selection must be made.
The core issue, as we may call it, in this twin mystery of our faith is the
humanity of Jesus, the Son of God, and the sublime reality of Mary, the Mother
of God. How are those we instruct to be inspired to put this twin mystery of
Christianity into practice?
I believe the most practical way to do this is to tell those you teach to
try to follow the example of Jesus and Mary by imitating their virtues in daily
THE IMITATION OF CHRIST. Time and again in the
Gospels we read how Jesus tells us to follow His example:
- Learn of me, for I am gentle and humble of heart (Matthew 11:29).
- If you keep my commandments, you will remain in my love, just as I have kept my Fathers commandments and remain in His love (John 15:10).
- If I, then, the Lord and Master, have washed your feet, you should wash each others feet.I have given you an example so that you may copy what I have done (John 13:14-15).
- This is my commandment: love one another, as I have loved you (John 15:12).
This is Christs formula for sanctity: Study my conduct and strive to do
the same. If you do, and insofar as you do, you will become holy.
Here I would like to remind the catechists that encouraging their pupils to
strive after holiness is not only not romantic; it is part of the stark realism
of the modern age.
The Second Vatican Council could not have been more clear in insisting that
holiness is not only for those in the priesthood or cloister. It is for all
the faithful of Christ. They are to be followers of Christ.
Anyone with eyes to see, sees the widespread denial of Gods rights in todays
world. When, if not in our day, are the believers in Christ to be the salt
of the earth and the light of the world?
Children from their earliest days are to be taught and inspired to try to become
like Jesus, in His childhood. Adolescents should be encouraged to become like
Christ the adolescent. And adults to follow the example of the son of God who
lived a human life on earth so that we might follow in His footsteps and learn
from Him how we should live in the Palestine of our lives.
The masterpiece of The Imitation of Christ by Thomas A Kempis needs
to be more widely used by the laity than it already is. As catechists use the
Imitation, simplified and exemplified, if need be. But use it to show
others how to become holy. Teach them that there is nothing the Church
needs more today than saints. And you become a saint by imitating Jesus Christ.
IMITATION OF MARY. The same may be said about walking in the
footsteps of Our Lady.
Unlike her Son, she was not divine. She had to walk by faith, and trust in
hope, like the rest of us. She had to believe what she could not understand,
and had to suffer without fully understanding why.
Both genders, masculine and feminine, have so much to learn from the virtues
of Mary that a lifetime would be too short to do justice to her imitable virtues.
Introduce those you teach early to some of the hundreds - literally hundreds
- of books on the Blessed Virgin that are being published in the Catholic world.
Devotion to the Blessed Virgin is a combination of veneration, intercession,
and imitation. We venerate Our Lady by borrowing her glories and loving her
as our Mother. We invoke her every time we ask her to plead for us sinners
with her Divine Son.
But it is mainly by imitating the Mother of Jesus that we make our devotion
to her part of our daily lives. Introduce the children early to look upon Mary
as their Mother. Teach them to learn from her how they should become like her.
And all the while, train them to keep in touch with her by small aspirations,
arising spontaneously from their heart, like the whisperings of a child to the
one who gave them birth - into the life of God.
How are we to imitate the way of Christ? That which He became for your sake
is what you should attend to in Him, that you may imitate Him.
To what does He exhort you? To imitate Him in those works which He could
not have done had He not been made man. For how could He endure sufferings
unless He had become man? How could He otherwise have died, been crucified,
humbled? Thus then do you when you suffer the troubles of this world.
Women, by looking to Mary find in her the secret of living their femininity
with dignity, and of achieving their own true advancement. In the light of
Mary, the Church sees in the face of women the reflection of a beauty which
mirrors the loftiest sentiments of which the human heart is capable: the self-offering
totality of love; the strength that is capable of becoming the greatest sorrows;
limitless fidelity and tireless devotion to work; the ability to combine penetrating
intuition with words of support and encouragement (Pope John Paul II, Mother
of the Redeemer, 46).
Copyright © 1999 Inter Mirifica